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When teeth or jaw structures do not fit together properly, orthodontic treatment may be necessary. Malocclusions, or bad bites, can cause difficulty speaking, premature wearing of the teeth and protective enamel, and increased chance of injury to teeth and jaw joints.


An underbite occurs when the lower jaw extends, causing the lower-front teeth to sit in front of the upper-front teeth.


Spacing problems may result from missing teeth or a cosmetic issue.


Upper teeth can extend too far forward or the lower teeth don’t extend far enough, resulting in protrusion. Upper-front teeth protrusion impacts the appearance and function of your teeth.


Crowding occurs when teeth have insufficient room to erupt from the gum. Expansion can often correct crowding, and many times, tooth removal can be avoided.


When upper teeth sit inside the lower teeth, crossbite occurs. Crossbite may cause tooth stratification and misaligned jaw growth.


In an overbite, the upper-front teeth extend over the lower-front teeth, sometimes causing the lower-front teeth to bite into the roof of the mouth.


An openbite occurs when the upper- and lower-front teeth do not overlap and impacts proper chewing. Habits such as thumb sucking or tongue thrusting may cause openbites.


Dental midlines that do not match are evident when the back bite does not fit and match appropriately. This may negatively impact jaw and proper dental function.